By middle school most children have heard the name Julius Caesar. The self-proclaimed Dictator had ideas well ahead of his time, and much of what he did and did not do is the foundation for the way societies are run to this day.

He rose to power quickly and extended the reach of the Roman empire across the world. At a time when armies were paid primarily in gold and land, he amassed one of the most loyal and successful armies the world had ever seen. Some feared his immense popularity and king-like behavior would eventually make him too powerful, and they feared for the good of Rome.

A plot was hatched by a group of angry Senators, led by Cassius and Brutus, to assassinate Julius. The plot was successfully executed on March 15, 44 B.C. This date is now infamously known as “The Ides of March.” After his assassination a civil war ensued. The 11 rulers following Julius Caesar’s reign such as Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula and others, shaped the course of Rome and western civilization as we know it.

Julius Caesar was the first Roman Emperor to be deified as a God. Testimates to the legacy of his reign continue to appear throughout our modern cultural such as the month of July being named after him and his possible inspiration to the King of Diamonds in a deck of playing cards.

Because of his fame and accomplishments, Julius Caesar gold coins are usually in high demand. His coppers are rare, and though Julius Caesar silver coins are available, they are challenging in high grade. His gold is extremely difficult to find, and owning an example is one of the most prestigious accomplishments for collectors of numismatic history.