Claudius Gold Aureus, Twelve Caesars, 7.84g, rv Praetorian Camp. An incredible provenance dating back to at least 1887!

Claudius was the first Caesar to be brought to power by the Praetorian Guard – this coin, struck under Claudius, commemorates the ancient barracks of the Praetorian Guard of Imperial Rome. Claudius’ nephew Caligula was assassinated by the Praetorian Guard and Claudius is said to have witness the Germanic Guard killing bystanders and innocent people, so he fled to hide where he was found behind a curtain. He feared that he was to be killed but was assured they were not going to kill him – it was here they declared him princeps, meaning "first in time or order; the first, foremost, chief, the most eminent, distinguished, or noble; the first man, first person", and took him to the Praetorian Camp for his protection.

It was from here that the Roman Senate debated on who should be next in power, only for them to hear that the Praetorian Guard had already declared Claudius as princeps. He was eventually granted power by the Senate and immediately chose to execute the assassins and the officers involved in the assassination of Caligula, his wife, and his daughter. Claudius then adopted the Julio-Claudian name of Caesar and as Pharoah of Egypt he took on the royal title of “Tiberius Claudius, Emperor and ruler of rulers, beloved of Isis and Ptah, the strong bull of the stable moon on the horizon”

Claudius was responsible for expanding the Roman Empire, finishing the aqueducts that Caligula had begun to build, focused on transportation and construction of canals, he commanded the construction of the port of Ostia on the Tiber River to combat grain shortages in the Empire. He granted special privileges for those willing to travel by ship in the off-season and reduced taxes on communities suffering from drought and famine. During his reign he successfully defended against multiple coup attempts and after ruling for 13 years it is believed that he was murdered by his wife when he died at age 63 from poisoning.

A brilliant piece with a magnificent provenance from 1887, this coin and is phenomenal.


Head of Claudius, laureate, right
Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, Tribunicia Potestate.
Tiberius Claudius Caesar, emperor (Augustus), high priest, holder of tribunician power.


Battlemented wall enclosing praetorian camp; inside, soldier, holding spear, right; in front, aquila; behind, pediment with flanking walls
Imperatore Recepto.
The supreme commander (Imperator) received [into allegiance].

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