Created as a compromise between the North and South due to further arguing over how slaves were to be viewed and treated, the Three-Fifths Compromise was meant to be a halfway point for both areas for both taxation and apportionment regarding the House of Representatives. The numbers within the House of Representatives for each state was determined by the overall population of the people in each state. Due to this, states in the South wanted to count their entire population including their slaves in order to receive a stronger standing in the House. However, the North felt this was wrong as slaves had no voting or taxation rights, and therefore should not be counted in the discussion.

In order to make a halfway point, the Three-Fifths Compromise helped to reach a compromise between both parties. It was decided that three-fifths of the population would be counted in order to make a determining factor concerning who would or would not be counted within the House of Representatives. The three-fifths ration was not a new idea and instead was first used in 1783. Initially, the proposal failed due to lack of support from a number of states in the North and South who both felt their decision was unfair.

Yet despite these feelings, many agreed it was a solution to the current dilemma. After slavery was abolished due to the end of the Civil War, the Compromise no longer mattered and was put to rest. It was decided that all individuals would be counted save for Indians who were exempt from taxes. Although this would later prove to become an issue, for now a decision had been reached which satisfied all of the major players and allowed for more opportunities to be gained within the House of Representatives.

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